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CHAIRMAN'S DESK

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  1.  
  2. About the Chairman

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  3. About the Chairman

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  4. Exhausting Glacial Lakes of HKH before they explode
    By Muhammad Raza KhanChairman APM PakistanDec 2012
    Many disastrous floods have occurred in the...

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  5. Article By Chairman APM - Badaltay Mosam (The Changed Climate)

    By Chairman APM

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  6. Understanding Global Climate

    By Muhammad Raza Khan

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  7. World Precipitation Regions

    By Muhammad Raza Khan

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  8. Nature Strikes Back... Wake up call

    By
    Raza Khan
    Chairman APM
    August , 2010
    khanraza...

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  9. NAO and The Sunspot Theory

    By
    Mohammad Raza Khan
    Chairman APM - 2010

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  10. Climate change led to catastrophe
    Article by Chairman APMRaza Khan
    11 August , 2010

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  11. Before Its Too Late

    Author: Muhammad Raza Khan (Chairman APM)


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  12. Iceland Volcanic Eruption

    By Muhammad Raza Khan

    Chairman APM...

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  13. THE KALEIDOSPIC ENVIRONMENT

    PDF link



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  14. Interview with The Chairman
    Conducted by:Muhammad Waseem AbbasiVia:TeleconferenceDate:28 May 2010Time:3pm (UK); 8pm (PK)


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  15.  

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MONSOON DESK

Research Centre
South Asian Monsoon

India’s climate is dominated by monsoons. Monsoons are strong,often violent winds that change direction with the season. Monsoon winds blow fromcold to warm regions because cold air takes up more space than warm air. Monsoonsblow from the land toward the sea in winter, and from the sea toward land inthe summer.

India’s winters are hot and dry. The monsoon winds blow from thenortheast and carry little moisture. The temperature is high because theHimalayas form a barrier that prevents cold air from passing onto thesubcontinent. Additionally, most of India lies between the Tropic of Cancer andthe equator, so the sun’s rays shine directly on the land. The temperature canreach as high as 110oF during the Indian winter.

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Thermohaline circulation
The term thermohaline circulation (THC) refers to a part of the large-scale ocean circulation that is driven by global density gradients created by surface heat and freshwater fluxes. The adjective thermohaline derives from thermo- referring to temperature and -haline referring to salt content, factors which together determine the density of sea water. Wind-driven surface currents (such as the Gulf Stream) head polewards from the equatorial Atlantic Ocean, cooling all the while and eventually sinking at high latitudes (forming North Atlantic Deep Water).
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RISING SEA LEVEL

Bruno Manser Fund report slams plans for 50 new dams in Malaysian Borneo

Sarawak’s indigenous people to pay the price for US$105 billion industrialization scheme

A new Bruno Manser Fund report exposes the Sarawak state government’s excessive hydropower plans for the Malaysian part of Borneo – Bruno Manser Fund is calling for a moratorium on all dam construction after Bakun and for the withdrawal of foreign consultants from socially and environmentally damaging hydropower plans

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Understanding Global Climate

CLIMATE

In the broadest sense, climate is the characteristic condition of atmosphere near the earth surface at a given place or over a

 given region.

Or

The Average Weather conditions of a sizeable area of the earth surface over period of time (usually at least 30 year).

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CLIMATE CHANGE IS BEHIND EARTHQUAKE AND ACCELARATED VOLCANIC ACTIVITY

According to the observations record of decades long research done by APM; the Climate Change is being declared as a culprit behind the accelerated volcanic activity across the globe. The earth wobbling and glacier receding are two basic factors to boost up tectonic activity that results in earthquakes and volcanic eruption.

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La Nina

The coupled atmosphere-ocean phenomenon known   as El Niño is frequently followed by a period of normal conditions in the   equatorial Pacific Ocean. Sometimes, but not always, El Niño conditions   give way to the other extreme of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)   cycle. This cold counterpart to El Niño is known as La Niña, Spanish for   "the girl child."

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THE KALEIDOSPIC ENVIRONMENT

Research by: Muhammad Raza Khan (1992 - 2000)

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NAO and The Sunspot Theory

It is defined as at the normalized sea level atmospheric pressure difference between Iceland (65 degree N-23 degree W) and Arctic (38 degree N- 26 degree W).
For positive NAO Index, a stronger than usual Subtropical high pressure center and deeper than normal Icelandic low. Consequently,  north-eastern strong winter winds rush to pole ward and engulfed the polar chill and northern Europe experiences higher temperatures than normal.

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Environmental Law

Under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997, the term “environment” is defined to mean air, water, land and layers of the atmosphere; living organisms and inorganic matter; the ecosystem and ecological relationships; buildings, structures, roads, facilities and works; social and economic conditions affecting community life; and the interrelationship between these elements (Section 2(x))

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Pollution
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat, or light. Pollutants, the elements of pollution, can be foreign substances or energies, or naturally occurring; when naturally occurring, they are considered contaminants when they exceed natural levels.
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Glacier Receding

The retreat of glaciers since 1850 affects the availability of fresh water for irrigation and domestic use, mountain recreation, animals and plants that depend on glacier-melt, and in the longer term, the level of the oceans. Studied by glaciologists, the temporal coincidence of glacier retreat with the measured increase of atmosphericgreenhouse gases is often cited as an evidentiary underpinning of global warming. Mid-latitude mountain ranges such as the Himalayas, Alps, Rocky Mountains,Cascade Range, and the southern Andes, as well as isolated tropical summits such as Mount Kilimanjaro in Africa, are showing some of the largest proportionate glacial loss.[1]

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Recycling
Recycling involves processing used materials (waste) into new products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution (from incineration) and water pollution (from landfilling) by reducing the need for "conventional" waste disposal, and lower greenhouse gas emissions as compared to virgin production.[1][2] Recycling is a key component of modern waste reduction and is the third component of the "ReduceReuse, Recycle" waste hierarchy.
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Green Energy

It is the term used to describe sources of energy that are considered to be environmentally friendly and non-polluting, such as geothermal, wind, solar, and hydro. These energy sources are considered "green" because they are perceived to lower carbon emissions and create less pollution.

1.      Wind Energy
2.      Solar Energy
3.      Hydro Energy
4.      Geothermal Energy

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Deforestation

Factual Findings

The number of forests is pathetically limited in Pakistan, only 4.8 %. Whereas Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (PNCS) notes that 5.2 % of country's area is covered with forests and 50 % of this area is in the northern mountains of our country. But it is sorry to say that even this limited range of Woods too, comes under the axe of woodcutters. Specially in Northern Areas, a unique ecosystem of biodiversity is also becoming a victim of logging because of Timber Mafia. This deforestation not only mars agri-production by bringing about climatic changes but has also been causing flooding for manny times and has to bear irrecoverable loss of millions of dollars each time.

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Toxic Wastes

Third World A Dump Yard of Western Toxic

The non-recyclable toxic wastes are being dumped in the third world countries. Pakistan is not an exception in this case. The developed countries accused of this trade violates Basal Convention Act regarding the ban on trans boundary movement of hazardous wastes.

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Global Warming
According to Accu-Weather, the world's leading commercial forecaster, "Global air temperatures as measured by land-based weather stations show an increase of about 0.45 degrees Celsius over the past century. This may be no more than normal climatic variation...[and] several biases in the data may be responsible for some of this increase.

Satellite data indicate a slight cooling in the climate in the last 18 years. These satellites use advanced technology and are not subject to the "heat island" effect around major cities that alters ground-based thermometers.

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